National Departments

The national, provincial and local levels of government all have legislative and executive authority in their own spheres, and are defined in the South African Constitution as "distinctive, interdependent and interrelated". Operating at both national and provincial levels ("spheres") are advisory bodies drawn from South Africa's traditional leaders. It is a stated intention in the Constitution that the country be run on a system of co-operative governance.

All bodies of the South African government are subject to the rule of the Constitution, which is the supreme law in South Africa. The national government is composed of three inter-connected branches:

Legislative: Parliament, consisting of the National Assembly and the National Council of Provinces

Executive: The President, who is both Head of State and Head of Government

Judicial: The Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court of Appeal, and the High Court



 National Departments